Cyberbullying is bullying that occurs through digital technology, such as social media, text messaging, or e-mail. Like other forms of bullying, it is distinguished by three elements:
- There is intent to harm another person.
- The hurtful and aggressive behavior is repeated.
- There is a real or perceived imbalance of power – socially or physically – between the victim and the bully.
Examples of cyberbullying can range from spreading harmful rumors to verbal threats and attacks. Cyberbullying is especially harmful for several reasons:
- It can occur 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
- The bully can remain anonymous.
- The hurtful messages or images can be spread quickly and widely.